The title hints at one of the themes of the novel, which is that there are two Istanbuls, the one above ground and the one below, and each is ‘transformed’ in sense through acts of creation and imagination. The prisoners transform their surroundings through imagination and fantasy, parables and riddles, and likewise the city above is changed by time and love.


Oscars 2016: Sicario

Blunt’s haggard appearance and frumpy demeanour is used as a character point that in a lesser film would be written as “She was an elite FBI agent, a career woman who nabbed the bad guys, but couldn’t keep a man!”

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